The Global FlyFisher - The Largest and Best Place to go for Online Fly Fishing and Fly Tying
First published before January 11th 2000 - More than 15 years ago
By Robb Nicewonger
Chesapeke Bay. The best bass water lies between Sunbury and Middletown, PA especially near the infamous Three Mile Island, which is now "trophy smallmouth habitat". This is considered by many to be the best smallmouth fishery east of the Mississippi. The Susquehanna is full of rock ledges and big boulders, providing ideal habitat for the bass. Most fish are 8-12 inches with a good catch being 15 inches, but the river does hold plenty of bigger fish. Besides snallmouth, the river holds plenty of walleyes, muskies, rockbass, bluegill, catfish, and carp--all are able to be pursued on the fly. I grew up fishing the Susquehanna and its tributaries the Juniata and Little Juniata Rivers and wanted to share some of my favorite flies for these areas.
Most guides recommend a 7 or 8 weight rod, but I have had few problems with a 5 or 6 weight. A floating line is fine for dries and poppers, but a sinking line is a must if you want to get the flies down to the big fish holding in the deeper lies.
The primary forage includes crayfish, hellgrammites, river shiners, juvenile bass, madtoms, sculpins, and chubs. One of the biggest annual events on the river is the white fly hatch, which occurs in mid July through August. This snowstorm-like hatch brings smallmouth, trout, carp, and even catfish to the surface in a feeding frenzy.
Many famous fly tyers have come up with excellent smallmouth patterns--all of which have a proven track record. Flies from tyers such as Bob Clouser, Dave Whitlock, Harry Murray, and Ed Shenk are all excellent choices. I just want to offer some of my favorites from these tyers and others that have been successful for me. I did not include any surface patterns on the list. Basically any type of popper or deer hair bug will work. The best colors are white, yellow, "natural" and black. Usually, sliders or bugs that don't make a loud pop are more effective. Muddlers, marabou muddlers, and the Morris Foam Divers will all be in my box for next year, as well as some cork sliders. In general, larger flies will result in a larger catch. I tie the majority of my flies in sizes from 2-6 inches
T he rest of the flies are listed below. Click on the small piucture or the name to see the full pattern description and materials list.