Published Oct 15. 2002

Edwards' Little Ant

Ant patterns are usually a bit of foam and a chaotic dry fly hackle. But why not tie it more imitative? It's quite easy.

Foam and bristles.
Get out your ant repellent!

Use this profile as a template for the ant's legs
The proper positioning and angles of the legs are a key to the imitative quality of the pattern.

Ventral and dorsal veiw of the same Edwards' Little Ant.

Above you see a similar view of a small beetle tied using the same materials and technique.

A generic foam beetle tied as the ant - with a few modifications.

Ant patterns are usually a bit of foam and a chaotic dry fly hackle. But why not tie it more imitative? It's quite easy. This pattern was originally shown to me by Oliver Edwards. Oliver's hallmark is indeed very accurate imitations, but usually his patterns are quite complex and hard to tie. But not this one. It takes about a couple of minutes to tie - and a minute or so to arrange the legs - the key to the pattern's fine appearance.

All synthetic

The materials for the ant are few and simple - and all synthetic. For the body we use foam of the closed cell craft foam type and the legs and antennae are single, synthetic bristles from a broom or paint brush. A few years back I cut a piece of a new, small broom... much to the regret of my wife. But it supplied enough leg material for lifetime worth of ants and beetles.
The position of the legs is an important factor in getting the imitation convincing. I don't doubt that a trout will hit an ant whose legs and antennae are straight as a ruler - or chaotic like the dry fly hackle. But it adds greatly to the appearance of the pattern if the legs are bent as shown.
This is easily done with a pair of thin pliers or tweezers. Oliver Edwards heats them before the maneouvre, but I have used cold tweezers for all my ants, and that works fine.
Bend each leg as shown and double it over, giving it a hard squeeze to set the bend properly. Then open the bend to a proper angle and it will sit there for a long while. Getting the legs symmetrical can be tricky, but with a little practise you will get some fine results.


HookUp eye dry fly hook. Sizes 12-18
Thread8/0, color to match body material
BodyThin strip of black, grey, cinnamon or yellow craft foam
Legs and antennaeSynthetic, brush or broom hairs, color to match body material

Tying instructions:

  1. Start the thread on the rear section of the hook
  2. Cut a 2 centimeters (approx 1') narrow section of craft foam
  3. A width of 2 millimeters (less than 1/10 of an inch) is fine
  4. You might need to slice the foam even thinner than it is from the start
  5. Tie in the foam centrally on the hook shank
  6. Tie it down in almost the full shank length
  7. Prepare four bristles for legs and antennae
  8. Tie three sets perpenducular to the shank, equally distributed on the middle third of the shank
  9. Use a few criss-cross wraps to set each leg set
  10. Tie in the last bristle on the front part of the body
  11. Fold back the foam and tie down, pressing out all the air
  12. It should form a small head over the antennae and a larger abdomen behind the last set of legs
  13. Cut surplus
  14. Whip finish behind the head and varnish
  15. Bend the legs as shown above

The technique used for this ant pattern can be used for other terrestrials too. A beetle is very easy to make using the same materials.
The beetle is basically tied in the same way, but with the omission of the antennae. The major difference between this little beetle and the ant is the abdomen. By folding the rear part of the foam over the two rear set of legs and tying it down there, you imitate the larger abdomen of the typical beetle.
Again the legs make a difference. The beetle will basically do with two sets pointing rearwards and one set pointing to the front. Each leg should have a knee with a slight bend and the beetle will be ready to join the ant and crawl off...



So how do you see the stinkin thing when you cast it?

your ant pattern works great; caught a 28 inch rainbow in a california northern lake last year.I use .016 monofilament for the legs, and use a warm to hot needle over a candle to make a bend in the leg.I use a black marker pen to color the legs.Thanks for sharing your pattern.If you like I would send you my version of the ant. THANKS John

The beatles cool looks the part, of to tie some now, i love tying flies out of foam and the many ranges of colours, makes some of the patterns easier to adapt for terrestrials. Thanks Jan

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