Published Oct 30. 2012 - 11 years ago
Updated or edited Jun 9. 2018


Well placed reflections can add tremendously to an otherwise ordinary picture, and since we often have the reflective surface: the water, why not utilize this more in our images.

Blurred reflection - The sky and the clouds are the main subject here, but the blurred reflection in the riffled water enhances the sense of the high and beautiful sky
Bubbles - A different kind of reflections in bubbles formed in the seaweed
Reflection and clearity - Here the angle and position of the camera offers both the reflection and a look into the water
Martin Joergensen

Sometimes you want the opposite of a clear surface and a look into the depths. You want reflections. And just as clarity can be stunning, so can a well placed reflection - clouds, a mountain side, the angler, the sun - it can all add tremendously to an otherwise ordinary picture.
The classic picture of a reflection is that of the sky and the mountains in a high altitude lake or the fall foliage in a calm forest lake surface, but once you start looking, you will see reflections in many other ways: in car hoods and roofs, in riffled water, in wet surfaces, in sunglasses and a lot of places, that more or less perfectly mirrors the surroundings.

The best and most precise

reflections are rendered by smooth and mirror-like surfaces. Water is an excellent reflector, and a calm surface can render the background in surprising detail. One predicament for getting a clear reflection is light on the subject you want to reflect. The more light the more clear the reflection.
The classical reflection of a shoreline in a calm lake can render an almost perfectly symmetrical image, which can be turned upside down, almost without ruining the overall impression of the subject. You rarely find surfaces that calm, but it does happen.

Blurry reflections

can work well too. The most common blurry reflection is that of a rising or setting sun in the water, which will typically not draw a circle, but rather a long line from the sun towards the viewer, created by the slightly riffled surface breaking up the shape.
Contrasting objects like white clouds on a clear blue sky will also reflect in even very broken surfaces, and create an interesting counterbalance in an image.

Calm surface = clear reflections - The calmer the water, the more clear the reflections become
Symmetry - The main subject and the reflection often forms an almost perfectly symmetrical composition
Reflection only - You can isolate the main subject (here the angler) and use the reflection as the major part of image
Dominant or not
Martin Joergensen

You can choose

to make the reflection a smaller part of the image, make it an equal part through symmetry or even making it dominant, by shooting the reflection rather than the main subject. Tipping your camera up or down to get one or the other is always worth trying, and can sometimes give some surprisingly pleasing results.

Gear pictures

can become vastly more interesting if you add a reflection. The symmetry obtained and the extra "copy" of the equipment can move the image from a plain image of the gear to something very interesting. Use a car hood or roof, the water surface, wet sand or something else that will act as a mirror, and you can change the bland to something very appealing.

Roof reflection - This image would have been very plain without the clear reflection in the car roof
Another car roof - Nice colors
Gear picture - A picture where the reflection dominates and creates a different but still very nice impression of the gear
Color - A dab of color is always interesting, and the red line gives this image a bit of extra umph
On the car roof - A simple setup where the reel reflects in a wet car roof
Martin Joergensen

If you have a camera

that can go underwater, you can utilize the very clear reflection that can be created by the underside of the water. Pointing the camera up from below a submerged subject like a fish or a rod, will most likely give you a very visible and precise reflection above the subject and underscore that fact that you are seeing the subject under the water.

Upside down - No, it actually isn\'t This reflection is in the surface of the water... from beneath!
Fill flash - Using a fill flash will enhance the reflection as here. The sun in the background would have given a dark silhouette had it not been for the flash lighting up the reel and rod
Fish reflection - The low camera position and a fill flash makes the fish reflect in the surface, which adds greatly to the impression of the silvery fish
Underwater - The underside of the water surface reflects just as well as the topside
Topside, underside
Henning Eskol - Ken Bonde Larsen - Martin Joergensen - Kasper Muhlbach
Revealing reflections - Not the most photographically interesting picture perhaps, but without the reflection of the trees, these fish would not have been visible in the picture
Discrete reflections - They are there in front of me, but certainly not stealing the picture, but just creating some play
Not only water - Light reflects in other surfaces than water, like this wet sand
The obvious - It\'s almost a cliche, but still a nice image: the angler in the reflection of the rising or setting sun
Light - The reflected sun can create some nice counterbalance in an image, but remember to use a fill flash to get some details in the main subject
The plain reflection - In an image like this you can turn it upside down and barely tell the difference
Contrast - This is the extreme example of using a reflection to create contrast. The image has almost no midtones, but just black in the reel and hands and white in the reflection of the sun
Smooth surface - The gentle riffles won\'t obscure the reflection, and with a low camera position yo get the side of the fish twice in the image
More reflections
Martin Joergensen - Henning Eskol - Hans Jacob Schou


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