Published Nov 6. 2010 - 13 years ago
Updated or edited Aug 5. 2021

Zoo Cougar

Kelly Galloup's Zoo Cougar is a pattern with some years on its back, but Martin recently discovered and started tying this staple big trout streamer. Large fly, goudy colors, deer hair! Just his kind of fly.

A pile - I found this pile of juicy looking streamers on the blog "40 Rivers To Freedom"
A pile
Martin Joergensen/40 Rivers To Freedom

I bumped into this pattern while randomly traversing the web for odds and ends in fly fishing, which is thing I rarely do to be honest. I prefer adding material to GFF rather than find other people's stuff to peruse.

Well, I digress...

But suddenly it was there! A pile of really nice looking, juicy streamers with lots of volume and in great colors. The article was about streamers as such, but mentioned the name of the fly, and it didn't take much research to establish it as a Kelly Galloup pattern.

Michigan based Galloup is probably best known for his streamers and his streamer fishing style. He has written the book "Modern Streamers for Trophy Trout" together with Bob Linsenman and made the DVD on the same subject "Streamer Flies for Trophy Trout" on which he actually ties the Zoo Cougar. I haven't seen the DVD, but it might be worth considering according to Bob Petti's review here on GFF.

Chasing the Cougar

Well, I set out to find the materials and a tying description. This looked like a really interesting pattern, and definitely something I could use for my everyday fishing for sea run browns. I have the Galloup and Linsenman book in my shelf, and quickly found a list of materials as well as some illustrations.

By searching the web, I soon found out that the Zoo Cougar is Galoup's most famous pattern, and there were plenty sources listing materials and showing tying sequences.
But why not go to the source itself? Kelly Galloup actually shows exactly how to tie this fly in this online video, and as you can see his style is very pragmatic and the fly is large and fluffy, rough but elegant and reeks of large fish.

And it uses deer hair!

Just my kind of fly!

This is Kelly Galloup himself tying the fly and telling a bit about the principle of large flies for big trout.

Great colors

I adore the original colors of the fly. Yellow, but mellow. A nice sulphur color deer hair and a dyed mallard flank feather also in yellow. The fly looks very nice and bright, but Galloup's fly box, which is seen on one of the videos on the web contains large streamers ranging from pure white to almost totally black.

A mess - Deer har equals a mess when you tie
A mess
Martin Joergensen

I thought that my take on the Zoo Cougar would be more brownish, more like the large muddlers I usually tie and much more in sync with the materials I already have, which are predominantly undyed, and in natural colors. It didn't take me long to dig out materials for both a brown/black and, but during my rummage in the drawers and boxes I also found materials for an olive version of the fly.

Some of the material lists on the web as well as Linsenman and Galloup's 1999 book mention a body, but to my great relief Galloup skips that and ties the fly with a marabou tail, a calf hair underwing, a mallard flank wing and a large, loose deer hair collar and head. No body!

Large fly

The fly is large. It seems that 4's, 2's and even 1/0 hooks could be used. In my own version I dug out a size 4 Kamasam B800 long shank streamer hook. Plenty large for my use, and a hook that I really like.

Zoo Cougar
Pattern type: 
Kelly Galloup
Long shank, down eye streamer size 2-1/0
Olive 6/0
Olive Chickabou or marabou
Silver braid
While bucktail
Two straight mallard flank feathers
Olive deehair, spun
Skill level/difficulty: 

My first take on the fly came out promising enough. It's not a difficult fly to tie, and it seems that given the right materials, the thing falls out nicely. Critical is of course the single mallard feather as well as the deer hair. Getting good deer hair for spinning has always been something that I have emphasized to people who want to tie muddler like patterns. Get the best and save yourself a lot of frustration.

The same goes for the mallard. I have been wise enough back when I got myself bags full of mallard and woodduck to go through it all, strip off all the fluff and sort the feathers according to shape and size and stuff them into smaller bags. That means that I can dig out feathers of an appropriate size and shape without going through dozens and dozens of useless ones.

The mallard feather for this fly needs to be fairly large, as long fibered as possible and of the "fan shape" with barbs radiating from a short stem rather than an ordinary feather with parallel barbs on a long stem. This will ease the shaping of a narrow wing consisting of almost even barbs.

Zoo Cougar - My Olive Zoo Cougar on the beach in Denmark
A cougar in the salt
Martin Joergensen

You can see more Galloup flies, buy them and see reports from the fly's "home waters" The Madison here.


This is a great fly ...

This is a great fly --used as a giant Muddler Minnow -- that works wonders at Coopers' Minipi Lodges in Labrador where the brook trout average 5.25 lbs. (2.4 kilos)

Kelly Galloup has re...

Kelly Galloup has revised a form of fishing that works on big fish some of my biggest fish where caught with streamers, love his simplictic approach to fishing/tying, @Jan I don't like weighting my flies unless the water is super high instead prefer using a sink tip or ful sinking line with a loop knot for better action.

What a nice Muddler ...

What a nice Muddler variation. I will definitely try this. Muddlers are my favorite smallmouth streamers. I fish them unweighted with a sinking tip line. Very effective!

Martin Joergensen's picture

Jan, Yes, it is a...


Yes, it is a nice fly, and no, I add no weight and I fish it on a floating line. It will soak water and fish just in and below the surface. That's how I have always liked to fish my muddlers. But there are many ways as you can read in this old GFF article by David Allerton.


Hi Martin, thank fo...

Hi Martin,
thank for writing about that great fly and also the book of Kelly, I'll order it.
do you ever weight this fly, or do you use a sinking line? I am asking about sea trout fishing in the Baltic sea.

Best regards



Kelly has been based...

Kelly has been based out of Montana for quite a while now and is now into hinged flies


Log in or register to pre-fill name on comments, add videos, user pictures and more.
Read more about why you should register.

Since you got this far …

The GFF money box

… I have a small favor to ask.

Long story short

Support the Global FlyFisher through several different channels, including PayPal.

Long story longer

The Global FlyFisher has been online since the mid-90's and has been free to access for everybody since day one – and will stay free for as long as I run it.
But that doesn't mean that it's free to run.
It costs money to drive a large site like this.

See more details about what you can do to help in this blog post.